Главная » 2008 » Декабрь » 27 » Computer Studies at the English lesson
03:00
Computer Studies at the English lesson

Цель урока: Формирование основ информационной культуры на уроке английского языка.

Задачи урока:

  1. Развивать интерес к английскому языку и информатике;
  2. Углубить и расширить знания по данной теме;
  3. Учить работать с текстом;
  4. Ознакомить со специальной лексикой;
  5. Развивать навыки говорения, чтения, письма;
  6. Развивать логическое мышление, активность, внимание;
  7. Совершенствовать интеллектуальные способности учеников;
  8. Воспитывать самостоятельность, доброжелательность.

I. Introduction

The rapid development of Science and Technology has changed the world. In recent years computers have been used in all fields of human activities: business, industry, education, culture, health care service, economics, politics, mass media, arts, in everyday life of different people. At the present time people have to keep step with the times and not to be lost in the world of information. So computers are becoming of great importance for most adults and youth.

Nowadays more and more people use computers at work and home. They can not tear themselves away from their computers. Especially children and teenagers are hooked on them. They like to play computer games and spend hours with educational programs. More and more kids can improve their reading, writing and arithmetic when they operate the computer. Many students study school subjects on it. They say computers make leaning fun!

  • to use - использовать, применять
  • to keep step with the times – жить в ногу со временем
  • not to be lost in the world of information – не потеряться в мире информации
  • to be of great importance – иметь важное значение
  • can not tear oneself away from … – не могут оторваться от …
  • are hooked on … – не представлять себе жизнь без …
  • to improve – улучшить
  • to work on the computer = to operate the computer – работать на компьютере
  • to study school subjects on … – изучать школьные предметы по …
  1. Where have computers been used in recent years?
  2. Why are they of great importance at the present time?
  3. Where do people use computers?
  4. Why are children especially hooked on them?
  5. Do you like to operate the computer?

 II. Computers

Do you know a computer’s parts and software? Here are some of them.

 

Read and learn the parts of a computer.

III. The Desktop

Let’s switch on our computers. Can you see the Desktop?

What is located on the Desktop?

Desktop – рабочий стол

My Documents – Мои документы

My Computer - Мой компьютер

Recycle Bin – корзина

Taskbar – панель задач

Folder - папка

File – файл, документ

We can save on the Desktop our own folders and files.

The My Documents folder is your own personal folder in which you can store your documents, graphics, and other personal files. When there is more than one person using the computer, Windows creates a My Documents folder for each user on the computer.

By default, the target or actual location of the My Computer folder is

C: / Documents and Settings / user name / My Documents, where C is the drive in which Windows are installed. You can change the target if you want My Documents to point to a different folder location.

  • to store - хранить
  • to use – использовать, применять
  • user – пользователь
  • by default – по умолчанию
  • target – задание, план
  • to be installed – быть установленным

The My Computer folder is also located on the desktop. It contains resources of your Personal Computer (PC): Discs (3, 5 {A :}, {C :}, {D :}, etc.) the Control Panel, and Printers.

The Recycle Bin provides a safety net when deleting files or folders. When you delete any of these items from your hard disc, Windows places it in the Recycle Bin and the Recycle Bin icon changes from empty to full. Items deleted from a floppy disc or a network drive are permanently deleted and are not sent to the Recycle Bin. Items in the Recycle Bin remain there until you decide to permanently delete them from you computer. These items stiff take up hard disc space and can be undeleted or restored back to their original location.

When it fills up, Windows automatically cleans out enough space in the Recycle Bin to accommodate the most recently deleted files and folders. If you are running low on hard disc space, always remember to empty the Recycle Bin.

  • items – документы, файлы
  • icon – изображение, значок
  • to delete - удалять
  • to take up hard disc space – занимать место на диске
  • to clean out – очистить
  • empty - пустой
  • to empty - очистить

Taskbar is a panel where Start, English / Russian and Time buttons are located. The Start button allows users to access their computer. We begin and finish working on the computer pushing the Start. English / Russian button is a pointer of the current alphabet. When we operate the computer we don’t need to look at our watch or clock the Time button shows us what time it is.

img2.gif (1571 bytes)

  • Taskbar – панель задач
  • Settings – настройка
  • Find – поиск
  • Help – справка
  • Run – выполнить
  • Shut down – завершение работы

How to Create a Folder

Creating folders, also called directories, helps you to organize your files. For example, you might want to make a folder called “Job Search” to store your resume, cover letters, references and other documents.

STEP 1: Locate and select the place where you want to create your new folder. You may create your new folder on the desktop. If you want to put it inside the My Documents folder, then first open My Documents.

STEP 2: Open the File menu, and then click on New.

STEP 3: Click Folder. A new unnamed folder icon will appear.

STEP 4: Name your new folder by typing the name in the text box provided.

  • Read, translate the texts.
  • Create your own folder called “Job Search”, create a document and save it into this folder.
  • What buttons do you need to create a new document?
  • Retell the texts about the Desktop folders.
  • Tell how to empty the Recycle Bin.
  • What is the Taskbar? Tell about its buttons.
  • When do you press the Start button?
  • Learn the new words.
  • Choose the appropriate word to fit in each sentence:
  1. Windows creates a My Documents___ for each user on the computer (folder).
  2. Items deleted from ____ or a network drive are permanently deleted
    (a floppy disc).
  3. We begin and finish working on ____ pushing the Start
    (the computer).
  4. My Computer folder contains resources of your ____ (Personal Computer).
  • Match the words from the box with the correct definitions.
Recycle Bin
Desktop
Zoom
User

Printer
Taskbar
User
  • The button which enlarges or reduces the display of the active document;
  • The device that prints documents;
  • The folder where deleted documents are kept;
  • A person who operates a computer;
  • A directory;
  • The surface of the display of a computer;
  • The panel where Start, English / Russian and Time buttons are located.

IV. The Menu Panel

  • File – Файл
  • Edit – Правка
  • View – Вид
  • Insert – Вставка
  • Format – Формат
  • Tools – Сервис
  • Table – Таблица
  • Help - Справка

The items of this Menu are called commands.

The Main Window Commands

File – New Файл – Создать
File – Open Открыть
File – Save Сохранить
File – Save As Сохранить как
File – Page Setup Параметры страницы
File – Print Печать
File – Print Preview Предварительный просмотр
File – Properties Свойства
File – Exit Выход
Edit – Undo Правка - Отменить
Edit – Redo Повторить
Edit – Cut Вырезать
Edit – Copy Копировать
Edit - Paste Вставить
Edit – Delete Удалить
Edit – Select All Выделить всё
Edit - Find Найти
Edit – Paste Special Специальная вставка
Edit – Replace Заменить
Edit – Go To Перейти
View – Toolbars Вид – Панели инструментов
View – Zoom Масштаб
Insert – File Вставка – Файл
Insert - Picture Рисунок
Insert – Object Объект
Format – Font Формат – Шрифт
Format – Paragraph Абзац
Format – Style Стиль
Tools – Spelling Сервис – Орфография
Tools – Macro Макрос
Tools – Customize Настройка
Tools – Options Параметры
Window – Split Окно - Разделить
  •  What is a Menu?
  • Read and study the Menu Panel.
  • What types of menu do you know?
  • Show

1) the menu bar (горизонтальное/главное меню, линейка меню, строка меню);

2) the pull-down menu (ниспадающее меню);

3) the pop-up / shortcut menu (контекстное меню).

Learn the English and Russian commands.

Insert the missing letters: sp-lling, zo-m, rep-ace, too-s, -ut, f-le, sa-e, s-lit, f-rmat, pri-t, edi-, u-do, del-te, pi-ture.

Find 8 words on the topic “Computer Studies” and write them below:

A B I N S E R T
M E N U S A V O
Z V S V P A Q O
U I E Y L M X L
Z E R Z I N E S
Q W T W T I P X
G J E D I T K S
A U O D H E L P

 

1. _______ 5. ________
2.________ 6. ________
3. ________ 7. ________
4. ________ 8. _________

V. The Toolbars

Function of commonly used buttons

Creates a new blank document based on the default template

Saves the active file with its current file name, location and file format

Print preview - Shows how the document will look when you print it.

Cut - Removes the selection from the document and places it on the clipboard

Paste - Places the content of die clipboard at the insertion point

Undo - Reverses the last command, use pull-down menu to undo several steps

Displays the Tables and Borders toolbar

Insert an Excel spreadsheet into the Word document

Displays or hides the Drawing toolbar

Opens or finds a file

Prints the active file - for more print options go to the File menu and select Print

Spelling, grammar and writing style checker

Copy - Copies the selected item(s) to the clipboard

Format painter - Copies the format from a selected object or text and applies to other objects or text

Redo - Reverses the action of the Undo button, use the pull-down menu to redo several steps

Insert a table into the document, or make a table of selected text

Columns - Changes the number of columns in a document

Zoom - Enlarge or reduce the display of the active document

  1. What toolbars do you know?
  2. Read and study the Standard toolbar.
  3. Read and study the Format toolbar buttons.
  4. There are some very important buttons in the Format toolbar: Font (шрифт), Font Size (размер шрифта), Font Color (цвет шрифта), Bold (полужирный), Italic (курсив), Underline (подчёркнутый), Align Left (по левому краю), Center (по центру), Align Right (по правому краю), Justify (выравнивать текст по ширине), Bullets/Bulleted list (маркированный список), Numbering/Numbered list (нумерованный список), Decrease Indent (уменьшить отступ) and Increase Indent (увеличить отступ).
  5. Find the mentioned above Format toolbar buttons in your computer.
  6. Create a document and change it using the Format toolbar (Font Size, Font Color, Bold Italic, etc.).
  7. Find the English equivalents:
  • Панель “Таблицы и границы”:
  • Панель рисования;
  • Отменить / Вернуть;
  • Масштаб;
  • Вставить таблицу;
  • Печать;
  • Сохранить;
  • Копировать;
  • Вставить;
  • Вырезать;
  • Колонки;
  • Открыть;
  • Предварительный просмотр;
  • Правописание;
  • Создать;
  • Добавить таблицу Excel.

Our English lesson on Computer Studies is over. I hope you do enjoy it.

  • How many new words have you learnt?
  • Do you like to work on the computer in English?
  • Why are computers so popular at the present time?
  • What parts of a computer do you know?
  • What can be located on the Desktop?
  • What can you store in your My Documents folder?
  • What is the Taskbar?
  • Do you use all toolbars in your work on the computer?
  • Can you show all menu panels?

Полещенко Ирина Михайловна, учитель английского языка
Просмотров: 1183 | Добавил: admin1 | Рейтинг: 0.0/0
Всего комментариев: 0
Добавлять комментарии могут только зарегистрированные пользователи.
[ Регистрация | Вход ]
Вход на сайт
Логин:
Пароль:


Календарь
«  Декабрь 2008  »
ПнВтСрЧтПтСбВс
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
293031
Наш опрос
Как вы оцениваете свой уровень владения иностранным языком? / What's your level of Language?
Всего ответов: 423
Статистика

Онлайн всего: 1
Гостей: 1
Пользователей: 0