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COMPUTER VOCABULARY


COMPUTER  VOCABULARY
 

   Adware

  A software application which displays unwanted pop-up advertisements on your
  computer while in use. Adware is often installed on your computer at the same
  time as free software or shareware.

 

   Application

  An application is any program designed to perform a specific function directly for
  the user. Microsoft Word, Excel, Outlook or Adobe Photoshop are examples of
  application programs.

   Browser  A program or tool such as Internet Explorer or Mozilla that enables you to browse
  or surf the World Wide Web and view internet sites.
   Bug  A defect or fault in a computer program that prevents it from working correctly. 
  Bugs are caused by mistakes or errors made by the people who write the
  programme.
   Cache  A sort of fast memory used for temporary storage of recently accessed web pages,
  which enables the browser to display them more quickly on the next visit.
   Cookies  A cookie is a small piece of information on the times and dates you have visited
  web sites. A web server can temporarily store this information within your browser.
  The main purpose of cookies is to identify users and possibly prepare customized
  web pages for them.
   Crash  A crash, in computing, is what happens when a program, or the entire operation
  system, unexpectedly stops working. 
   Cursor  A blinking symbol on the screen that shows where any new text will next be entered.
   Driver    A special program which enables a computer to work with a particular piece of
  hardware such as a printer. 
   E-business  Business done over the internet or any internet-based network.
   E-mail  Electronic mail :  messages sent from one computer to another over the Internet.
   FAQ  Frequently asked questions
   Firewall  Specialized hardware or software designed to prevent unrestricted or unauthorized
  access into or out of a computer or network.
   Font  A particular kind of lettering (for example : Arial, Bookman, Times New Roman).
   Hardware  The physical equipment or touchable parts of a computer system, the CPU
  (central processing unit),  the monitor, the keyboard, the mouse, the external
  speakers, the scanner, the printer, etc,
   Hit  A visit to a website.
   Home page  The main page or opening page that appears when you visit a web site.  It usually
  contains links to the other pages.
   Login  Process by which a user enters a name and password to access a computer.
   Modem  A device that enables a computer to send and receive information over a telephone
  line. You need a modem to connect to the Internet, to send email and to fax.
   Netiquette  Network etiquette : a set of informal rules defining proper behaviour on the Internet   
   Portal  A website that acts as a gateway or entry point to the internet (for example, Yahoo).
 
Typically, a portal offers a search engine and links to other sites grouped into
  categories,  as well as news or other services.
   Program  A sequence of instructions that a computer can interpret and execute in order
  to do a particular job.  Programs are collectively referred to as "software".
   Provider  Company that provides access to the Internet.
   Scanner  A piece of hardware, or peripheral device, used to scan a document and create a
  digital copy. 
   Spam  Unwanted, irrelevant or inappropriate e-mail messages, especially commercial
  advertising.   Also referred to as "junk e-mail". 
   Spyware  Software that collects information, without your knowledge, about your web-surfing
  habits and uses it for marketing purposes.  Very often contained in free downloads
  or shareware programs.
   Trojan  A Trojan is a computer program that is hidden in a useful software application and
  actually used  to gain access to your computer. It then performs malicious actions
  such as displaying messages or erasing files. Trojans may be found in a hacked
  legitimate program or in free software .
   Videoconference  Interactive, audiovisual meeting between two or more people in different geographic
  locations using two-way video technology.
   Virus  A virus is a malicious self-replicating program that spreads by inserting copies of
  itself into other executable code or documents,
and whose sole intent is to cause
  problems on a computer
.
  It acts in a way similar to a biological virus, and the infected file is called a host.
   WYSIWYG  What you see is what you get.  (pronounced 'wizzy-wig').
  A WYSIWYG application enables you to see on the screen exactly what will appear
  when the document is printed.
   WWW  World Wide Web: A hypertext information system consisting of a network of web
  pages which runs on the Internet and can be accessed with a browser.
   Worm  A computer worm is a self-replicating computer program, similar to a computer virus.
  It infects additional computers (typically by making use of network connections),
  often clogging networks and information systems as it spreads.
   Zip  To zip a file is to compress it so that it occupies less space in storage
  and can be transferred quickly over the Internet
Категория: Английский и компьютер | Добавил: admin1 (21.01.2009)
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